1. The formation of clear and distinct sounds in speech: "the articulation of vowels and consonants".
2. The act of vocal expression; utterance or enunciation: an articulation of the group's sentiments.
3. The aspect of pronunciation that involves bringing articulatory organs together so as to shape the sounds of speech
Homework is important for several reasons.  
1. It strengthens neural pathways in the brain with repeated exposure and practice
2. It allows the person to generalize what they just learned into their natural environment.
3. Research for motor-learning has shown that practices through out the day (distributed practice) allows for more learning and retention to occur. Better "carry over".
4. Intense practice in chunks of time improves motor learning, motor recall and performance.

October 2012

R Warm-up page.  It takes a while the first time through, but then it gets easier and quicker with time and practice.  Be sure to breath, relax, as you voice the r.  Watch and feel for tongue-palate-m contact. be sure to focus on clear vowels as you gently going into er.

September 2012

August 2012
It's good to work on longer words.  These are common words to help your child work through.
Use fun objects to touch or move as you say each syllable.  
Stress the syllable part your child does not say well.  Then say the word in a more regular rate.  You can go slow, louder, then back to more normal rate and volume.

January 2011 Homework (Sparkling S-words)
Work on /s/ words: here is a sample list of different /s/ words.
Check out this website for more list of words, and play BINGO with the words.
  • Salt, soda, salad, scissors, sandwich,
  • bicycle, beside, decide, listen, lesson,
  • bus, purse, juice, horse, house
Some parents asked for harder words like [ks, and sk] words.
  • books, backs, bricks, bikes, box, cheeks, clicks, ducks, hikes, kicks, likes, makes, picks, snakes, tracks, socks, spikes, trucks
  • ask, basket, escape, desk, disk, discover, biscuit, skate, sky, skunk, skill, score, scoop
  • skit, skim, scan, scare, scarf, ski, school,
  • ST words; stop, store, stone, strong, stairs, steam, stool, step,

February 2011 Homework
February is known for ground hog's day, presidents and valentines.
Monthly words to practice.  Make a monthly list of words to practice and you will have another set of homework sheets to pass out.
  • groundhog, teeth, shadow, winter, spring
  • Valley Forge, Cherry tree, chop, ax, book, general, log cabin, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, president 
  • love, mailbox, arrow, fourteenth, friend, like, mail, lace, red, cards, love, secret, chocolate, party, special, kiss, heart

March 2011 Homework

 " In like a Lion Out like a Lamb" so the saying goes for winter weather transitioning to spring weather. but so far it's been all lion with "snow" every other day in Utah.  Crazy, but yes, one day it was 70 degrees, and the next day, we had enough snow, that we made a tall snowman, then it melted. (sorry I forgot to take a photo of it).

March speech will focus on moving through multiple syllable words.
You can create your own list of everyday words and put them into categories of animals, clothes, toys, vehicles.  It's easy and it will be functional for your kids to learn syllables of everyday words. Syllables are also fundamental for building strong literacy skills.   Here are a few examples pages of 1-3 syllable words in categories.  I've had this for years and can't seem to find where to get it.

April 2011 Homework,  "Alliteration phrases"
" April showers bring May flowers."  Alliteration; "Ask April Again"  This year in Utah, it's been the most "wet" month to date.  This is very unusual for our "desert" area.
This month we will focus on spring words blooming from single word practice to carrier phrases.
    Articulation carrier phrases  help bridge single word production to phrase production.
    choose the target sound you are working on and use that carrier phrase and words.

    Sh Practice page, make two copies, and make it a matching game, or tic tac toe, or any memory game.
    K and G Practice page

    MAY Homework- "make it meaningful"
    • Meaningful words called "minimal pairs" Different by one sound
    • Cluster reduction is not putting two sounds together.  (br- brown as bown, bl- blue as bu, str- street as seet).  Teach blending two sounds smoothly.
    • Make sure you let your child know that each word means something.  Use real objects or pictures for each word. Relate it to something in the child's knowledge. 
    • Put the word into a sentence that the child will know. This will highlight the letter/sound added or deleted that makes each word different. (different meaning). 
    • Research has shown that children need practice and experience with words but not too many word pairs at one time as it may confuse the child.  
    • Pick 5 word pairs to practice at one setting, with pictures or objects in different game-like format, Called "Drill-Play"
      • for example,"hide and seek" with the pictures you hide and find. 
      • Chair game: put pictures on 2-3 different chairs, and the child moves to the chair the word (picture) is on.  
      • Use a puppet (Mack) and a mat, where you ask the child where is the picture?  It will be either the picture under the mat, or will be held by Mack.
    Pay - play              goo - glue                  fat - flat
    go - glow               door - drawer            top - stop
    table - stable          sick - tick - stick      gate - skate
    bell - spell              bin - pin - spin        mile - smile
    car - scar                 dart - start              nail - snail
    mack- smack           key - sky              wing - swing
    leap - sleep              knees - sneeze
    wheat - sweet          witch - switch

    June Homework,  Jump into s-l-r blend words.
    • Think of 5 words that has your sound in it.  It can be in any position of the word, beginning, middle or end of the word.
    • For example;  /R/ words;  rain, road, river, run, shower, flower, umbrella, rainbow, raincoat, April, paper, bird, thermometer, showers,
    • R-blend words;  grow, grain, green, brain, bright, front, from, train, tree
    • /L/-blend words:  blue, blow, blades, blend, blocks, plaid, plum, plane,
    • /S/ blend words;  spring, street, strong, stake, straight, sky, ski, skate, school